In Amsterdam, the bicycle rules. Free of fear and helmets, hordes of cyclists fill the streets at rush hour, using their numbers to dominate drivers and pedestrians. More trips in the Dutch capital are made by bike than by car, thanks to the city’s extensive web of cycling infrastructure. So ubiquitous are Amsterdam’s bicycles that they outnumber human beings.
And now, the two-wheelers have an elected leader. Anna Luten was selected as the city’s first “bike mayor” in late June by an online public vote and expert jury. Bike mayor is not an official position—the idea was initiated by a local advocacy group, CycleSpace, and the 28-year-old Luten will take on her volunteer duties on top of a day-job as a brand manager for Giant Bicycles. But the responsibilities are real: Luten will help mediate between city officials, urban planners, advocates, students, tourists, and Amsterdammers to address bike-related issues and take charge on improvements.
Does Europe’s most storied bike mecca really need another two-wheel advocate? It turns out that success has bred a share of bike problems for Amsterdam. Bicycle parking is a too-rare commodity. Bike traffic jams clog streets and cut off pedestrians. Tourists arrive with little knowledge about how to navigate in cycling culture. And as Feargus O’Sullivan reported in April, the city’s commitment to cycling is “arguably a revolution just partly achieved,” with the majority of road space “still overwhelmingly allotted to cars.”
On Thursday, Luten told CityLab about some of the broad visions she hopes to realize as she assumes her new title. (Her words were edited and condensed for the sake of clarity.)
Reining in the “kings of the streets”
In Amsterdam we get on our bikes and we cycle everywhere. We go with the flow of traffic, we cross from left and right; that’s how we always commute. Cycling is almost too successful. Sometimes we have problems in the way we behave. Some Amsterdam citizens, they think they’re kings of streets when they’re on their bikes. We need to take a deeper look at how the gains [in cycling] have been made, and appreciate the infrastructure more. We need a deeper look at keeping it successful with more people and more bikes.
Making room for everyone
We have to think of new solutions about how to park your bike. Working in the cycling industry, I see that they’re making electric bikes. But as I’m working on infrastructure now, I see that the infrastructure is not good enough for those bikes—there’s no secure way to park an e-bike in front of my house now, as I do with a regular bike. We need to work on that. Why aren’t companies cooperating with each other?
I’m not against cars, but in the city center, there’s not much space right now for pedestrians, people riding bikes, or cars. On some streets, for those three next to each other, it’s just too narrow. Maybe we need a car-free road, one that’s only for cyclists. A system where we park cars outside the city center could also be good. The north of Amsterdam is transforming—they’re working on a train tunnel underground. But in the future, if we integrate more systems [such as bicycling and public transit] then we’ll have a bigger city. Because Amsterdam is so small.
Spreading the joy of cycling
When you teach kids how to ride a bike, you prepare a next generation. I think that’s something worldwide we need to work on. If parents allow their children to bike on their own, then the kids will know that it’s safe. I don’t remember my first day of school but I do remember the first day I went out on a bike by myself. It was an independence thing. For me, still, the bike is a way to explore new opportunities.
Research shows cycling is good for your health and makes you happy. It’s inexpensive and it’s good for the environment. It’s a friendly tool for mobility. That is [CycleSpace’s] vision, and that is what we want to share with rest of world. We want to invite delegations here to show them how they can work in their own cities to integrate bicycles, sharing the space between cars, bikes, electric bikes, and maybe even Segways, which we’re beginning to see more of in the Netherlands. Next June we’ll invite other bike mayors from around the world—including Cape Town, Johannesburg, Brussels—to the Netherlands to share their ideas. Because we don’t only have solutions here in Amsterdam. Other parts of world have them too. We can do better.
It is great to have a well-reasoned article that digs a little deeper into the ‘reality‘ of human behavior as it to the use of bicycles as basic transportation. Cyclists in Amsterdam have the same response to the ‘Tyranny of Speed‘ when vying for real estate shared with pedestrians as they do here in Chicago. It is not all ‘sweetness and light‘.
The key to getting a better yield from the bicycle crops being planted is to weed out the weed plants and to encourage the planting of beautiful flowering ones. That of course can be a painful thing to do. We often want to believe in our own entitlement and native superiority to all other life forms. But that is both a myth and a very dangerous lie.
Look at it this way. Racism, sexism and religious bigotry all stem from a single source, hatred. The flip side of the hatred is fear. Together they are a very powerful and toxic agent. Being a bike bigot is all about not wanting to share.