Here Is Some Sobering Reading

A comparative analysis of alcohol in fatal and nonfatal bicycling injuries

G Li, SP Baker, S Sterling, JE Smialek… – Alcoholism: Clinical …, 1996 – Wiley Online Library
Bicycling is the leading cause of recreational injury, resulting in more than half a million
emergency department visits and about 900 deaths each year in the United States. Previous
research on bicycling injury was conducted predominantly in children and focused on the 

[HTML] Use of alcohol as a risk factor for bicycling injury

G Li, SP Baker, JE Smialek, CA Soderstrom – Jama, 2001 – jama.jamanetwork.com
Research from JAMA — Use of Alcohol as a Risk Factor for Bicycling Injury —
ContextBicycling is one of the leading causes of recreational injuries. Elevated blood
alcohol concentrations (BACs) are found in about one third 

[HTML] Accumulation of metabolic risk factors such as overweight, hypertension, dyslipidaemia, and impaired glucose tolerance raises the risk of occurrence and …

N Yoshimura, S Muraki, H Oka, S Tanaka… – Osteoarthritis and …, 2012 – Elsevier
 Model 2 was performed using the same objective variable and individual explanatory factor for
MS as in Model 1, after adjustment for age, gender, regional differences, smoking, alcohol
consumption, bicycling, regular exercise, and history of knee injuries, all of which had been 

Alcoholbicycling, and head and brain injury: a study of impaired cyclists’ riding patterns R1

P Crocker, O Zad, T Milling, KA Lawson – The American journal of …, 2010 – Elsevier
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the interactions between alcohol, bicycle
helmet use, experience level, riding environment, head and brain injury, insurance status,
and hospital charges in a medium-sized city without an adult helmet law. METHODS: A 

Alcohol in fatally injured bicyclists

G Li, SP Baker – Accident Analysis & Prevention, 1994 – Elsevier
Bicycling injury results in about 580000 emergency room visits and 900 deaths each year
in the United States. Alcohol involvement in bicycling injury has not b.  Alcohol involvement
in bicycling injury has not been well documented in the literature. 

A prospective investigation of the impact of alcohol consumption on helmet use, injury severity, medical resource utilization, and health care costs in bicycle-related …

DW Spaite, EA Criss, DJ Weist… – Journal of Trauma …, 1995 – journals.lww.com
 [2] The Consumer Product Safety Commission reports that at least 600,000 persons seek medical
assistance following bicycling injuries each year, [3] with the actual  [6] Little is known regarding
the relationship between alcohol consumption and bicycle-related injury patterns. 

Exploring the male-female discrepancy in death rates from bicycling injury: the decomposition method

G Li, SP Baker – Accident Analysis & Prevention, 1996 – Elsevier
 The relative contribution of case fatality, exposure, and risk to the 6.4-fold difference in death
rates from bicycling injury between men and women is 53%, 51%, and − 4%, respectively.
Keywords.  Blood alcohol level and injury in traffic crashes. Proc. Am. Assoc. 

[HTML] Long-term exposure to road traffic noise and incident diabetes: a cohort study

M Sorensen, ZJ Andersen, RB Nordsborg… – Environmental …, 2012 – ehp.niehs.nih.gov
 L den ) at the residence at the time of diagnosis and all incident diabetes adjusted for age; sex;
BMI; waist circumference; smoking status, duration, and intensity; environmental tobacco smoke;
intake of fruits, vegetables, saturated fat, and alcohol; sport; bicycling and walking 

[PDF] Bicycling injuries and mortality in Victoria, 2001-2006

M Sikic, AA Mikocka-Walus, BJ Gabbe, FT McDermott… – Med J Aust, 2009 – Citeseer
 Conclusion: The incidence of serious bicycling injury has risen over recent years, highlighting
the need for targeted prevention programs.  Research is needed on alcohol use by
cyclists.11,21 Davidson found that over 60% of cyclists injured at night had consumed alcohol

Alcohol intake and the pattern of trauma in young adults and working aged people admitted after trauma

O Savola, O Niemelä, M Hillbom – Alcohol and alcoholism, 2005 – Med Council on Alcohol
 In this study, bicycling under the influence of alcohol also increased the risk for head
traumas, whereas the bicyclists without any alcohol in blood more often avoided
head trauma and injured their extremities upon accidents.