St. Mary of the Lake is a Catholic seminary in Mundelein, IL. As one could guess (from its name) it is an estate that surrounds a lake.
A Short History of the
University of St. Mary of the Lake / Mundelein Seminary
The University of St. Mary of the Lake / Mundelein Seminary is the major seminary and school of theology for the Archdiocese of Chicago. Many of the students will serve as priests of the Archdiocese of Chicago; however, many are studying for 46 other dioceses in the United States and abroad. The University of St. Mary of the Lake had its beginnings as Saint Mary’s College. In 1844, the first bishop of Chicago, the Right Reverend William J. Quarter, D.D. received from the State of Illinois a charter giving the university the power “to confer . . . such academical or honorary degrees as are usually conferred by similar institutions.” Chicago welcomed Saint Mary’s as the first institution of higher education in the city. The University of St. Mary of the Lake flourished until 1866, when financial difficulties forced it to close.
In 1921, Archbishop George Mundelein opened a new seminary forty-five miles northwest of the original campus. Saint Mary of the Lake Seminary would operate under the same charter originally granted to the University of St. Mary of the Lake, making it the longest continuous academic charter in the State of Illinois. This third campus was designed by a young Catholic architect by the name of Joseph W. McCarthy. Prior to going into private practice, McCarthy had worked as an apprentice in the office of the great Chicago planner, Daniel Burnham. Cardinal Mundelein instructed McCarthy to design all the seminary buildings in American neo-classical style to symbolize the Catholic Church in America had come of age. The main chapel is modeled after the First Congregational Church of Old Lyme, Connecticut and the Cardinal’s Villa is a copy of George Washington’s Mount Vernon.
In 1926, the new seminary was host to the world, as one of the sites of the International Eucharistic Congress. The campus made transportation history with that event for it required the largest movement of people by rail in the history of the country.
In September of 1929, the seminary received a second charter, this time from the Holy See. Cardinal Mundelein obtained from the Sacred Congregation for Seminaries and Universities the authority to grant the international academic degrees of the Holy See. In 1934 the Ecclesiastical Faculty of Theology at Mundelein was honored with a permanent grant of this authority. The seminary became the first American institution to be honored as a pontifical theological faculty under the Apostolic Constitution Deus Scientarium Dominus.
Under the leadership of Albert Cardinal Meyer, in 1961 the seminary opened a second campus in Niles, Illinois. The Niles campus became the site for the two-year liberal arts program. The Mundelein campus included the upper class college studies in philosophy followed by a four year theology curriculum. In 1968, under Cardinal Meyer’s successor, John Cardinal Cody, the undergraduate program was affiliated with Loyola University of Chicago and became Niles College of Loyola University. Saint Mary of the Lake Seminary was now strictly a graduate school of theology. The curriculum which resulted from this program revision continued to be implemented for more than a decade. The academic, formation/spiritual and pastoral aspects of the new curriculum were guided by the Program of Priestly Formation of the National Conference of Catholic Bishops and the directives of the Sacred Congregation of Catholic Education.
In 1971, Saint Mary of the Lake Seminary became affiliated with the Association of Theological Schools of the United States and Canada, which is the national accrediting body for theological seminaries and divinity schools.
Two milestones in the seminary’s history occurred in 1976. In cooperation with the Center for Pastoral Ministry, the Archdiocese of Chicago’s continuing education school, the seminary began a program of studies leading to the new doctor of ministry degree. Also in 1976, the seminary celebrated the 50th anniversary of the first ordinations held in the Chapel of the Immaculate Conception.
In Fall of 1982, under the direction of Archbishop Joseph Bernardin, the seminary faculty initiated a thorough revision of the program which had been in place for ten years. The changes had as their goal the better implementation of the objectives set forth in the third edition of the Program of Priestly Formation.
Cardinal Bernardin announced a new and exciting development in April of 1986. The name “University of St. Mary of the Lake” would be revived and the continuing education school, the Center for Pastoral Ministry would move to the campus. While continuing the work of on-going education for priests the mission of the center would now expand to offer continuing education to all ministers: clergy, religious and laity. To recognize this change in mission the school would adopt a new name, the Center for Development in Ministry. Saint Mary of the Lake Seminary again adopted the name on its original 1844 charter, the University of St. Mary of the Lake, and honored its second founder by renaming the graduate school as Mundelein Seminary.
During the spring of 1996, Mundelein Seminary was visited by members of the Bishops’ Committee on Seminaries. After an extensive series of meetings with faculty and students, the members of the committee gave a strong recommendation to the seminary program.
Francis Cardinal George continued this development of the university in February 2000 by transferring the Archdiocese of Chicago’s programs of ministry formation to the seminary. Three former agencies of the Pastoral Center were transferred here to become programs of the university. Joining USML that year were the Lay Ministry Formation Program, the Diaconate Formation Program and the Instituto de Liderazgo Pastoral. While remaining separate and distinct from the priestly formation program, all are to cooperate under the seminary aegis in advancing the efforts of ministry preparation and formation for all those involved in pastoral ministry. Plans were also begun to separate the continuing education programs of the Center for Development in Ministry from the university and to relocate them as an agency of the Pastoral Center. These same plans included the continued operation of a Conference Center at the University of Saint Mary of the Lake. This would make Mundelein Seminary the center for all basic formation for ministry, while leaving continuing formation to other agencies. To reflect this evolution, the Board of Advisors decided to adopt a compound name, the University of St. Mary of the Lake / Mundelein Seminary. This follows the style of most of the pontifical universities which have a formal name and a common name which become interchangeable.
Also in 2000, Cardinal George established the Liturgical Institute at the University of St. Mary of the Lake / Mundelein Seminary. This is the first step in a new vision of the cardinal to expand the university to include specialized institutes to support the major ministries of the archdiocese. The Liturgical Institute draws on the seminary faculty and visiting professors and is dedicated to training, research and publication in the fields of sacramental theology and liturgy. The Institute offers programs leading to a professional master of arts in liturgy, an academic master of arts (liturgical studies), and the licentiate and doctorate in sacred theology. All degrees are awarded by the University of St. Mary of the Lake / Mundelein Seminary. Other specialized institutes are planned for the near future along these same lines. USML is also associated with the Institute for Priestly Formation in Omaha and collaborates in offering the certificate and degree programs in spirituality. All degrees of IPS are awarded by USML.
Of particular note is the Feehan Memorial Library. This specialized library has over 180,000 volumes. It is one of the outstanding libraries in the country in the fields of canon law, patristics and church history. The library maintains subscriptions to over 500 American and foreign language serial publications related to theology. Through its membership in the Association of Chicago Theological Schools, an ecumenical consortium of ten seminaries, students have further access to 1.5 million books and 5,000 periodicals.
In December of 2004, Cardinal George dedicated the new McEssy Theological Resource Center, the first new construction on the campus since 1934. An extension of the Feehan Memorial Library, the McEssy Center increases the complex by 18,000 square feet. As part of the project, the original library underwent a renovation to both restore it to its original architectural plan and add needed 21st century technology for advanced research. The McEssy Center now houses a Special Exhibition Gallery which makes possible the public display of many of the books, artifacts and artwork of the university collections. When completed, the Feehan Memorial Library will also house a new museum.
In 2005 the ongoing formation programs were returned to the university. USML’s Department of Ministerial and Continuing Education now encompasses all ministerial training for the Archdiocese of Chicago.
In 2009, repairs to the historic Eucharistic Belvediere and Mall, the site of the 1926 Eucharistic Congress along with the boathouse and piers were completed.
Edited by the Rev. Thomas A. Baima, August 27, 2008
Crossing the spans of water are concrete walkways. This photograph was taken at one of these. The image has a very strong “vanishing point” and suggested to my mind a journey of some sort. I used two images to make this single digital collage.
The second image was taken at the Queen of Heaven Cemetery in Hillside, IL. I took the picture that includes the figure of Christ on the Cross because it is a headstone the likes of which I had never seen before. With a bit of careful work I managed to isolate the headstone from most of the surrounding grass and leaves that lay against it.
The figure of Christ was then a posterized (4 levels only) and then place in a layer above that of the concrete walkway. I positioned it so that the figure appears to be lying on the pavement rather than my other option which was to have it floating in the air. But the contrast between the figure and the walkway was not distinct enough, so I settled for it in normal rendering.
The image of the walkway was digitally inverted. It makes for something of a very eerie image. The title “The Way” is a not so veiled reference to the idea of a journey evoked by the walkway and the quote in John 14:6 that reads:
New International Version (©1984)
Jesus answered, “I am the way and the truth and the life. No one comes to the Father except through me.